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 Toy Research

How to find your toy in this Web site
If you know your toy's maker or it has an identifying characteristic (such as a bear, dog, cat, soldier, circus, etc.), then try a Google search of this site

 

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Research Guidance

I've been getting requests from collectors, school teachers, and students who are researching old toys. I try to help with information that I have. There are several avenues of investigation you might take to find out about a toy or toy company:

1. If there is a city name on the toy, contact the city's library to see if they have a folder on the company or if they have old business registries. I have found that libraries are very helpful. You should provide them with any information you are able to compile. You will probably have to visit the library to conduct the research yourself.

2. If there is a patent number on the toy, then you can find out the inventor or designer's name, the company the patent is assigned to, and the unique feature patented. You can visit a patent repository to go through volumes of patents. To view a list of repositories in your state, go to:

www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/ptdl/ptdlib_1.html

The US Patents and Trademark office is getting their patent database on line, but they don't have a searchable  database for patents older than 1976. However, they do have images of older patents on line.

www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html

You will probably have to install a TIFF viewer for your browser to see the images. If you don't see the images on their image viewing page after a search, click on HELP and follow instructions for downloading a viewer. It worked for me.

Note that many, if not most, patent numbers you will see on toys are Design patents. Design patents show the form or artwork of the toy rather than the unique functionality of the toy. A regular or Utility patent shows the unique functionality of the toy - usually the operating mechanism. You could see either a Design or a Utility patent number or both on the toy. The patent number will also help date the earliest possible production date of the toy. Most toys were produced a year or so before the patent is issued.

You can find a list of patents with their issue dates at:

www.biddingtons.com/content/patentchart.html

3. If you have a company name, you could go through the microfilm repository of magazines at the Library of Congress. The best magazines are toy trade magazines including:

Playthings - started in 1902, this is the toy trade magazine of the industry. Almost all of the important toy manufacturers advertised here. They published monthly and may still be publishing.

Toys and Novelties - published since at least 1914, this is another great resource for toy research. Also a monthly. 

Share your research with us! I'll put your paper on the site for all to read.